Lunt, M. J., Hanrahan, A., Kerr, D. and Jenkinson, D. F., 2002. Measuring caffeine-induced changes in middle cerebral artery blood velocity using transcranial Doppler in patients recovering from ischaemic stroke. Physiological Measurement, 23 (2), pp. 375-383.
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Official URL: http://www.iop.org/EJ/abstract/0967-3334/23/2/313/
Acute ingestion of caffeine is known to reduce cerebral blood flow in normal volunteers and in certain patient groups. There is no evidence that this causes problems in the normal population. However, there may be implications if a similar reduction occurs in patients recovering from an ischaemic stroke, in whom local blood flow has already been reduced. Transcranial Doppler provides a non-invasive method for measuring changes in middle cerebral artery (mca) blood velocity. A method for obtaining consistent, reliable measurements was developed and used in a double blind, randomized, crossover study on 20 patients (18 M, 2 F, mean age 70) recovering from ischaemic stroke in the mca territory. Middle cerebral artery blood velocity was measured bilaterally using transcranial Doppler before and after 250 mg caffeine (equivalent to about two cups of filter coffee) or matched placebo. Caffeine caused an average 12% reduction in blood velocity compared to placebo in the hemisphere affected by the stroke (95% CI 8%–16%, p < 0.000 01), and a 12% reduction in the non-affected hemisphere (95% CI 6%–18%, p < 0.001). The clinical implications are unclear at present, and imaging techniques will be required to establish whether caffeine does reduce flow to hypo-perfused regions.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||blood flow velocity, caffeine, cerebral embolism and thrombosis, ultrasonography, Doppler, transcranial|
|Subjects:||Technology > Medicine and Health|
|Group:||School of Health and Social Care > Centre for Postgraduate Medical Research and Education|
|Deposited By:||INVALID USER|
|Deposited On:||30 Apr 2007|
|Last Modified:||07 Mar 2013 14:35|
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