Ferris, R., Peace, A.J. and Newton, A., 2000. Macrofungal communities of lowland Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karsten) plantations in England: relationships with site factors and stand structure. Forest Ecology and Management, 131 (1-3), pp. 255-267.
Full text not available from this repository.
The species composition of previous termmacrofungal communitiesnext term in 12 stands of planted previous termScots pinenext term (Pinus sylvestris L.) and Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karsten.) across previous termlowlandnext term England was assessed over three consecutive years, and related to stand structure and site characteristics. Results indicate that these plantations provide a habitat for diverse previous termcommunitiesnext term of macrofungi: a total of 343 species were recorded, of which 171 were found to be unique to previous termpine,next term and 90 unique to spruce. The composition of these previous termcommunitiesnext term was found to differ markedly between forest areas and between plots within individual forests, with only three species common to all assessment plots. Calculation of Jaccard similarity coefficients indicated a 22–24% association between chronosequence stages in the two previous termpinenext term sites, and 20% in the two spruce sites. Fungi were classified into four functional groups based on their mode of nutrition: wood saprotrophs, litter saprotrophs, mycorrhizal and parasitic species. This enabled patterns of diversity to be related to stand structure and a range of site factors (based on soil chemical analyses). Positive relationships were recorded between increased volume of deadwood and the number of species of wood saprotrophs, and also between the species richness of ectomycorrhizal fungi and the number of tree species present in each plot. Significant correlations were also recorded between the number of parasitic fungal species and soil pH (a positive response to increasing alkalinity), and between the number of litter colonizing saprotrophs and tree species richness. These results suggest that indicators of previous termmacrofungalnext term diversity, based on relatively simple habitat assessments, could be developed for incorporation into forest management plans. These data also highlight the importance of maintaining adequate volumes of deadwood, and variety of tree species, permitting the development of diverse previous termcommunitiesnext term of macrofungi in forest stands.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Microfungal previous termcommunity; Scots pinenext term; Norway spruce; Plantation; Forest management; Biodiversity|
|Subjects:||Geography and Environmental Studies|
|Group:||School of Applied Sciences > Centre for Conservation, Ecology and Environmental Change|
|Deposited By:||Professor Adrian Newton|
|Deposited On:||18 Dec 2009 12:42|
|Last Modified:||07 Mar 2013 15:19|
|Repository Staff Only -|
|BU Staff Only -|
|Help Guide -||Editing Your Items in BURO|