Bennett, M. R., Gonzalez, S., Huddart, D., Kirby, J. and Toole, E., 2010. Neolithic human footprints in peat from the inter-tidal zone at Kenfig, South Wales (UK). Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 121 (1), pp. 66-76.
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Holocene footprints have been reported from several locations around the UK coast preserved within inter-tidal sediments. These sediments are normally fine-grained silts, sands and clays. Here we report potential human footprints preserved in the lower of two inter-tidal peat units exposed on the foreshore at Kenfig in South Wales. The lower peat layer pre-dates 3810 ± 40 BP and its maximum age is constrained by two dates, one of 4930 ± 50 BP and another of 5110 ± 50 BP. The prints may have formed at any point within this time interval. Both peat units formed in a salt marsh, or fen environment, as indicated by the analysis of both diatoms and pollen and have been tentatively assigned to the middle Wentlooge Formation within the Holocene lithostratigraphy established for the Severn Estuary Holocene sequence. The footprints were digitised using an optical laser scanner and are compared to other Holocene human footprints exposed on the Sefton Coast in North West England. In comparison the Kenfig prints have poor anatomical form which may be the result of both the substrate and post-depositional modification. The paper demonstrates the value of using optical laser scanning in the data capture and analysis of transitory archaeological and geological trace evidence.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Human footprints; Peat; UK Neolithic; Geoarchaeology|
|Subjects:||Geography and Environmental Studies|
Science > Earth Sciences
|Group:||School of Applied Sciences > Centre for Conservation, Ecology and Environmental Change|
|Deposited By:||Professor Matthew Bennett|
|Deposited On:||05 Apr 2010 18:55|
|Last Modified:||07 Mar 2013 15:23|
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