Sewell, P., Noroozi, S., Vinney, J., Amali, R. and Andrews, S., 2012. Static and dynamic load prediction for prosthetic socket fitting assessment utilising an inverse problem approach. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, 54, pp. 29-41.
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Objective: It has been recognised in a review of the developments of lower-limb prosthetic socket fitting processes that the future demands new tools to aid in socket fitting. This paper presents the results of research to design and clinically test an artificial intelligence approach, specifically inverse problem analysis, for the determination of the pressures at the limb/prosthetic socket interface during stance and ambulation. Methods: Inverse problem analysis is based on accurately calculating the external loads or boundary conditions that can generate a known amount of strain, stresses or displacements at pre-determined locations on a structure. In this study a backpropagation artificial neural network (ANN) is designed and validated to predict the interfacial pressures at the residual limb/socket interface from strain data collected from the socket surface. The subject of this investigation was a 45-year-old male unilateral trans-tibial (below-knee) traumatic amputee who had been using a prosthesis for 22 years. Results: When comparing the ANN predicted interfacial pressure on 16 patches within the socket with actual pressures applied to the socket there is shown to be 8.7% difference, validating the methodology. Investigation of varying axial load through the subject’s prosthesis, alignment of the subject’s prosthesis, and pressure at the limb/socket interface during walking demonstrates that the validated ANN is able to give an accurate full-field study of the static and dynamic interfacial pressure distribution. Conclusions: To conclude, a methodology has been developed that enables a prosthetist to quantitatively analyse the distribution of pressures within the prosthetic socket in a clinical environment. This will aid in facilitating the “right first time” approach to socket fitting which will benefit both the patient in terms of comfort and the prosthetist, by reducing the time and associated costs of providing a high level of socket fit.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Artificial neural networks; Rehabilitation; Trans-tibial; Prosthetic; Pressure measurement|
|Subjects:||Technology > Engineering > General Engineering|
|Group:||School of Design, Engineering & Computing > Design Simulation Research Centre|
|Deposited By:||Dr Philip Sewell|
|Deposited On:||14 Dec 2011 10:00|
|Last Modified:||07 Mar 2013 15:50|
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