Miles, C. and Johnson, A.J., 2007. Chewing gum and context-dependent memory effects: a re-examination. Appetite, 48, pp. 154-158.
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Two experiments re-examined whether chewing spearmint gum affects initial word learning and/or immediate recall for a word list. Both experiments failed to show effects of chewing gum at learning or recall, nor did they suggest that chewing gum produces a context-dependent memory effect. This was true when extraneous contextual cues at learning and recall were minimised (Experiment 2). Together, the data are inconsistent with [Wilkinson, L., Scholey, A. & Wesnes, K. (2002). Chewing gum selectively improves aspects of memory in healthy volunteers. Appetite, 38, 235–236.] claim that chewing gum aids immediate recall of visually presented words. Our results are consistent with [Baker, J. R., Bezance, J. B., Zellaby, E. & Aggleton, J. P. (2004). Chewing gum can produce context-dependent effects upon memory. Appetite, 43, 207–210.] finding that chewing gum of itself is not a sufficient condition to provoke context-dependent learning with immediate testing.
|Group:||School of Design, Engineering & Computing > Psychology Research Group|
|Deposited By:||Dr. Andrew J. Johnson|
|Deposited On:||23 Apr 2012 14:45|
|Last Modified:||07 Mar 2013 15:55|
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