Stair negotiation as a rehabilitation intervention for enhancing recovery following total hip and knee replacement surgery.

Gavin, J., Immins, T. and Wainwright, T., 2016. Stair negotiation as a rehabilitation intervention for enhancing recovery following total hip and knee replacement surgery. International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.ijotn.2016.10.001

Abstract

Background - Total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacements (TKR) are common orthopaedic procedures. However, an optimal programme for post-operative rehabilitation has yet to be established. Stair negotiation is a challenging, habitual task, regularly used as a post-operative functional outcome measure; yet as a physical rehabilitation intervention it appears to be rarely used. Aim - The review purpose was to investigate the effectiveness of stair climbing as a rehabilitation intervention for THR and TKR patients. Methods - MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Science Citation Index, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched. The systematic review targeted studies using stair negotiation as a rehabilitation intervention. Randomised and non-randomised controlled trials, pilot studies, and case studies were included; systematic reviews and meta-analyses were excluded. Results - Of 650 articles identified, ten studies were eligible for review. A predefined data table to extract information from selected studies was used. Of the ten identified reports, two prehabilitation and eight rehabilitation studies included stair negotiation exercises as part of multi-modal physical interventions. Outcome measures were classified as: functional self-reported, perceptual, psychological and those relating to quality of life. Conclusion - Studies were methodologically heterogeneous and typically lacked adequate control groups. It was not possible to determine the impact of stair negotiation exercise on the positive outcomes of interventions. Stair negotiation warrants further investigation as a rehabilitation activity.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:1873-4839
Uncontrolled Keywords:stair climbing; knee arthroplasty; hip arthroplasty; physical function; rehabilitation
Subjects:UNSPECIFIED
Group:Faculty of Management
ID Code:24904
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:27 Oct 2016 09:22
Last Modified:27 Oct 2016 09:22

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