Petford, N. and Koenders, M.A., 1998. Self-organisation and fracture connectivity in rapidly heated continental crust. Journal of Structural Geology, 20 (9-10), pp. 1425-1434.
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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleUR...
Volume expansion (1–5% volume strain with ΔV melting positive) and fluid-absent partial melting, in which ΔV melting is positive, of continental crust by intruding basaltic magma is a strongly irreversible process involving the dissipation of both thermal energy and matter (partial melt). Using a simple random graph model we show by analogy how isolated fractures that form during rapid thermal perturbation in the source region can combine to form a single, interconnected structure with high permeability. Once connected, the fracture network may be thought of as a single structure or pattern that will remain stable so long as a strong temperature gradient is maintained in the source region. Estimates of fracture permeability that take into account changes in connectivity and fracture spacing range from approximately 10−10 to 10−5 m2, many orders of magnitude greater than values considered typical during large-scale crustal deformation and prograde regional metamorphism. The ability of the isotropic fracture network to develop a top–bottom directionality is crucial for buoyancy-driven melt transport. A physical model based on non-linear evolution rules during thermal expansion is given that predicts the emergence of directionality (vertical fracture alignment) on a time scale of the order of 105 y. The necessary ingredients are a deviatoric strain path, a heterogeneous medium and a stiffness that evolves as a function of the local strain.
|Subjects:||Science > Earth Sciences|
|Group:||University Executive Team|
|Deposited By:||Ms MJ Bowden|
|Deposited On:||02 Jan 2008|
|Last Modified:||07 Mar 2013 14:42|
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