Pritchard, C. and Butler, A., 2003. A comparative study of children and adult homicide rates in the USA and the major western countries 1974-1999: grounds for concern? Journal of Family Violence, 18 (6), pp. 341-350.
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The aim of this study is to examine the changing patterns of child homicide in the USA and the other 9 major Western countries between 1974 and 1999. On the basis of standardized WHO mortality data, 5-year mean rates of Baby (<1 year), Infant (1-4), Child (5-14), and General Population Rates for Homicide (GPRH) were analyzed for 1974-78 and 1995-99 for the USA and major Western countries. The analysis provided ratios of change for children's homicide between 1974 and 1999 and ratio of ratios between "adult'" and children's homicide. Over the period USA male Baby homicide rose by 78% and Females 44% with a combined rise in All Children [0-14] homicides of 45%, within the context of a declining adult GPRH. In the 1970s, 3 major Western countries had either higher or similar children's homicide rates to the USA, but by the late 1990s none did. Moreover, between 1974 and 1999, the USA had the biggest rise in Baby (<1) and All Children's deaths, and only France had substantial increases, whereas Baby homicide rates fell significantly in 6 other countries. The findings indicate a worrying deterioration in U.S. child homicides. Possible links with child abuse and explanations for the results are briefly discussed. Urgent case-specific research is required to determine the cause/s for and how to reverse the worsening child homicide situation in the USA. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Homicide, Children, Adult, USA, Western countries; Child abuse; Children - Mortality; Children, Crimes against; Crime prevention|
|Subjects:||Social Sciences > Sociology|
|Group:||School of Health and Social Care > Centre for Social Work and Social Policy|
|Deposited By:||Mr Adam Field|
|Deposited On:||03 Jan 2008|
|Last Modified:||07 Mar 2013 14:44|
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