Hill, J.L. and Curran, P., 2005. Fragment shape and tree species composition in tropical forests: a landscape level investigation. African Journal of Ecology, 43 (1), pp. 35-43.
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Official URL: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j...
Fragmentation of tropical forest alters community composition as a result of changes in forest shape. This paper uses 22 hypotheses to test the effect of fragment shape on tree species composition in Ghana, West Africa, within biological categories of regeneration guild, rarity, phenology and dispersal. For both regenerating and mature trees, relationships between species composition and the shape of forest fragments were complex; almost half were significant but many failed to support the established hypotheses. Irregular shaped fragments had high proportions of regenerating, light-demanding pioneers and mature, animal-dispersed species. Species common to Ghana formed the foundation of communities in fragments of all shapes. Investigation at the landscape level indicated broad patterns of species change. Rigorous hypothesis testing is needed, following extensive demographic work on the ground, before population dynamics within tropical forest fragments can be comprehended fully and applied to conservation management.
|Subjects:||Geography and Environmental Studies|
|Group:||University Executive Team|
|Deposited By:||Ms MJ Bowden|
|Deposited On:||13 Dec 2007|
|Last Modified:||07 Mar 2013 14:46|
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