Rosenthal, M.J., Smith, D., Yaguez, L., Giampietro, V., Kerr, D., Bullmore, E., Brammer, M., Williams, S.C.R. and Amiel, S.A., 2007. Caffeine restores regional brain activation in acute hypoglycaemia in healthy volunteers. Diabetic Medicine, 24 (7), pp. 720-727.
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Official URL: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j...
Aims Caffeine enhances counterregulatory responses to acute hypoglycaemia. Our aim was to explore its effects on cortical function, which are not known at present. Methods Regional brain activation during performance of the four-choice reaction time (4CRT) at different levels of complexity was measured using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) at euglycaemia (5 mmol/l) and hypoglycaemia (2.6 mmol/l) in the presence and absence of caffeine in six healthy right-handed men. Results During hypoglycaemia, caffeine enhanced adrenaline responses to hypoglycaemia (2.5 ± 0.7 nmol/l to 4.0 ± 1.0 nmol/l, P = 0.01) and restored the brain activation response to the non-cued 4CRT, the linear increases in regional brain activation associated with increased task complexity and the ability to respond to a cue that were lost in hypoglycaemia alone. Conclusions Caffeine can sustain regional brain activation patterns lost in acute hypoglycaemia, with some restoration of cortical function and enhanced adrenaline responsiveness. A methodology has been established that may help in the development of therapies to protect against severe hypoglycaemia in insulin therapy for patients with diabetes and problematic hypoglycaemia.
|Subjects:||Technology > Medicine and Health > Medicine and Surgery|
|Group:||School of Health and Social Care > Centre for Postgraduate Medical Research and Education|
|Deposited By:||Ms MJ Bowden|
|Deposited On:||21 Feb 2008 14:13|
|Last Modified:||07 Mar 2013 14:46|
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