Burridge, J.H., Wood, D. E., Taylor, P.N. and McLellan, D. L., 2001. Indices to describe different muscle activation patterns, identified during treadmill walking, in people with spastic drop-foot. Medical Engineering and Physics, 23 (6), pp. 427-434.
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1350-4533(01)00061-3
This study was concerned with individuals who were unable to effectively dorsiflex their ankle when walking, as a result of a lesion of the central nervous system (CNS). Indices that categorise and quantify different patterns of calf and anterior tibial muscle activation patterns during treadmill walking have been derived from a sample of fifteen individuals with established hemiplegia following stroke and twelve age-matched individuals without impairment. As subjects walked on a treadmill, force sensitive foot-switches under the heel and first metatarsal head allowed EMG signals from the calf and anterior tibial muscles to be related to phases of the gait cycle. Normal activation periods for each muscle group were identified as percentiles of the gait cycle and indices for muscle activation periods were derived using ratios of integrated EMG during selected periods.Indices were derived that identified statistically significant differences, between normal and hemiplegic subjects, in calf activation during both push-off phase (P<0.001) and early stance phase (P<001), but not activation of tibialis anterior during swing (P=0.325) Observation suggested that integrated tibialis anterior activity during swing phase in hemiplegic subjects was not dissimilar to normal subjects, but the profile in hemiplegic subjects tended to lack the normal second peak of activity at initial foot contact.The reasons for drop-foot were shown to be varied and complex. The indices defined may be useful for directing therapy and measuring outcome.
|Subjects:||Technology > Medicine and Health > Medicine and Surgery|
Generalities > Computer Science and Informatics
|Group:||School of Design, Engineering & Computing > Smart Technology Research Centre|
|Deposited By:||INVALID USER|
|Deposited On:||28 Aug 2008 11:15|
|Last Modified:||07 Mar 2013 14:50|
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