McCormick, A.S.M., Thomas, V.L., Berry, D. and Thomas, P., 2008. Plasma concentrations and sedation scores after nebulized and intranasal midazolam in healthy volunteers. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 100 (5), pp. 631-636.
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Official URL: http://bja.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract...
Background: An efficacious, reliable, and non-invasive route of administration for midazolam, a drug used for sedation and pre-anaesthetic medication, would have obvious advantages. This study compares two potential methods of administering midazolam by the nasal and nebulized routes. Methods: Midazolam (0.2 mg kg–1) was given by both nebulizer and nasally by liquid instillation to 10 healthy volunteers in a randomized, double-blind crossover study. Plasma concentrations of midazolam, Ramsay sedation scores, visual analogue scores, critical flicker fusion frequency, and parameters of cardiovascular and respiratory function were measured over 60 min and summarized using ‘area under the curve’. Results: Nasal instillation caused more sedation than nebulized administration. This was demonstrated by higher Ramsay sedation scores (P=0.005), lower visual analogue scores (P<0.001), and lower critical flicker fusion frequency (P<0.02). Nasal instillation was associated with higher plasma concentrations of midazolam (P<0.001). Unpleasant symptoms were recorded by six volunteers in the intranasal and one in the nebulized group (P=0.06). Conclusions: There was some evidence that midazolam caused less discomfort when given by nebulizer compared with intranasally. Comparative bioavailability of midazolam, estimated by the ratio (nebulized:nasal) of area under the 60 min plasma concentration curve, was 1:2.9. A higher dose may need to be administered for adequate pre-anaesthetic medication when midazolam is given by nebulizer.
|Subjects:||Technology > Medicine and Health|
|Group:||School of Health and Social Care > Centre for Social Work and Social Policy|
|Deposited By:||INVALID USER|
|Deposited On:||03 Sep 2008 19:09|
|Last Modified:||07 Mar 2013 14:50|
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