Maisey, N. R., Chau, I., Cunningham, D., Norman, A.R., Seymour, M. T.J., Hickish, T. F., Iveson, T. J., O’Brien, M. E.R., Tebbutt, N. C., Harrington, A. and Hill, M. E.E., 2002. Multicenter Randomized Phase III Trial Comparing Protracted Venous Infusion (PVI) Fluorouracil (5-FU) With PVI 5-FU Plus Mitomycin in Inoperable Pancreatic Cancer. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 20 (14), pp. 3130-3136.
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Official URL: http://jco.ascopubs.org/cgi/content/abstract/20/14...
PURPOSE: To compare protracted venous infusion (PVI) fluorouracil (5-FU) with PVI 5-FU plus mitomycin (MMC) in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer in a multicenter, prospectively randomized study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two hundred eight patients were randomized to PVI 5-FU (300 mg/m2/d for a maximum of 24 weeks) or PVI 5-FU plus MMC (7 mg/m2 every 6 weeks for four courses). The major end points were tumor response, survival, toxicity, and quality of life (QOL). RESULTS: The two treatment groups were balanced for baseline demographic factors, and 62% had metastatic disease. The overall response rate was 8.4% (95% confidence interval [CI]) 3.2% to 13.7% for patients treated with PVI 5-FU alone compared with 17.6%; 95% CI 10.3% to 25.1% for PVI 5-FU plus MMC (P = .04). Median failure-free survival was 2.8 months for PVI 5-FU and 3.8 months for PVI 5-FU plus MMC (P = .14). Median survival was 5.1 months for PVI 5-FU and 6.5 months for PVI 5-FU plus MMC (P = .34). Toxicities in both arms were mild. There was an increased incidence of neutropenia in the 5-FU plus MMC arm (P < .01), although no differences in infection were seen. No patients developed hemolytic uremic syndrome. Global QOL improved significantly after 24 weeks of treatment compared with baseline for patients receiving 5-FU plus MMC, although there was no statistically significant difference in QOL between arms. CONCLUSION: PVI 5-FU plus MMC resulted in a superior response rate in comparison with PVI 5-FU alone in advanced pancreatic cancer, but this did not translate into a survival advantage. These results emphasize the importance of chemotherapy in this setting and the continuing value of the fluoropyrimidines in pancreatic cancer.
|Subjects:||Technology > Medicine and Health|
|Group:||School of Health and Social Care > Centre for Postgraduate Medical Research and Education|
|Deposited By:||INVALID USER|
|Deposited On:||02 Nov 2008 16:42|
|Last Modified:||07 Mar 2013 14:51|
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