Brookes, J., Ersser, S. J., Lloyd, A.J. and Ryan, T.J., 2004. Nurse-led Education Sets out to improve Patient Concordance and Prevent Recurrence of Leg Ulcers. Journal of Wound Care, 13 (3), pp. 111-116.
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Official URL: http://www.internurse.com/cgi-bin/go.pl/library/ab...
Objective: This study evaluated the effects of a structured nurse-led education programme that aimed to improve patient concordance and prevent venous leg ulcer recurrence. Method: The design was quasi-experimental. Subjects (average age: 80) had venous leg ulceration that had healed within the previous two years, and were cared for at home by a district nurse. Data were available on 49 patients with 97 legs, 72 of which had had venous leg ulcers. Patients were divided into two groups: a control group, which received ‘usual’ care, and an experimental group, which was exposed to the education programme. Recurrence rates, the effects of the education on patient behaviour and the effect on recurrence of having both ankle movement and general mobility were measured over one year. Results: Patients in the experimental group experienced significantly less recurrence over the year (log rank test=8.28, p=0.004). To control for differences in mobility and ankle movement in the control and experimental groups at baseline, simultaneous logistic regression analysis was undertaken. This revealed a significant advantage for patients in the experimental group (p=0.035; OR=4.45, 95% CI=1.11–17.74), who spent more time with their legs elevated each day. This difference was sustained throughout the 52 weeks (f=2.88, p=0.015). Those who had both full ankle movement (>60 degrees) and full mobility (without aid) had significantly less recurrence (p=0.042). Education had no significant effect on the amount of time patients wore compression hosiery (f=2.1). Conclusion: A structured nurse-led patient concordance programme is effective in preventing venous leg ulcer recurrence and increasing the time patients spend with their legs elevated at heart level. Having both full ankle movement and full mobility reduces the risk of recurrence. Declaration of interest: None.
|Subjects:||Technology > Medicine and Health|
|Group:||School of Health and Social Care > Centre for Wellbeing and Quality of Life|
|Deposited By:||Ms Alison Jackson LEFT|
|Deposited On:||06 Nov 2008 16:48|
|Last Modified:||07 Mar 2013 14:51|
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