Silla, F., Fraver, S., Lara, A., Allnutt, T.R. and Newton, A., 2002. Regeneration and Stand Dynamics of Fitzroya Cupressoides (Cupressaceae) Forests of Southern Chile's Central Depression. Forest Ecology and Management, 165 (1-3), pp. 213-224.
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(01)00619-3
Several populations of Fitzroya cupressoides (Mol.) Johnst. (Cupressaceae, common name “alerce”), a threatened, long-lived conifer endemic to southern Chile and parts of Argentina, have recently been found in Chile’s Central Depression, where the species was thought to have been extirpated. The objective of this study was to determine, on eight sites in the Depression, Fitzroya’s regeneration behavior in relation to disturbance, its substrate and cover requirements for establishment, and whether regeneration is by seed or vegetative means. This objective required inspection of tree age-class distributions, analyses of microsite conditions and spatial distributions of Fitzroya individuals, and genetic analysis of Fitzroya trees using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis. Age-class distributions indicated a “catastrophic” regeneration mode, in which seedling establishment follows stand-devastating disturbance, such as fire. Regeneration was both by seed and vegetative means (root sucker sprouting and layering), although overall, vegetative reproduction was more prevalent (63% of all regeneration). Regeneration from seed occurred primarily under open canopies (<40% cover) and on substrates of humus, moss beds, and coarse woody debris. Spatial analyses revealed clumping at various scales for Fitzroya seedlings, saplings, and trees. Several obvious clumps of trees were assumed to be sucker sprouts from cut stumps; however, RAPD analyses indicated they were of seed origin. Such clumping is likely due to the patchy co-occurrence of appropriate substrates and canopy covers. Despite substantial environmental differences between the Central Depression and the portions of the Coastal and Andean Cordilleras where Fitzroya is found, populations in all three regions show striking similarities in their regeneration and stand dynamics. Fitzroya’s longevity and at times abundant regeneration provide the biological basis for its persistence in Chile’s Central Depression.
|Subjects:||Geography and Environmental Studies|
Science > Biology and Botany
|Group:||School of Applied Sciences > Centre for Conservation, Ecology and Environmental Change|
|Deposited By:||INVALID USER|
|Deposited On:||16 Nov 2008 20:22|
|Last Modified:||07 Mar 2013 14:56|
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