O'Hare, M.T., Hutchinson, K.A. and Clarke, R. T., 2007. The Drag and Reconfiguration Experienced by Five Macrophytes from a Lowland River. Aquatic Botany, 86 (3), pp. 253-259.
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Drag and flexibility of five macrophytes (fresh mass 3 g) collected from the same river were measured at velocities from 0 to 0.5 m s−1 in a flume. Drag increased with increasing velocity for all five species examined. Sparganium emersum Rehmann, which has simple strap-like leaves experienced significantly less drag than the other, bushier species whilst there was no significant difference between the drag on Callitriche stagnalis Scop., Ranunculus penicillatus pseudofluitans (Syme) S.D. Webster, and Myriophyllum spicatum L. above 0.4 m s−1. Potamogeton x zizii W.D.J. Koch ex Roth, which has large flat leaves, experienced significantly higher drag than all the other species. All the plants were very flexible but flexibility (as angle of bend) did not explain the drag experienced by the plants, e.g. S. emersum was the least flexible. The plants also changed shape and compressed (reconfigured) under increasing water velocity which reduced the rate at which drag increased. Reconfiguration capacity was assessed as E-values. There were no significant differences in E-values between species indicating that all the samples examined had a similar capacity to reconfigure. It is concluded that measurement of the drag experienced by plants is useful and may prove helpful in explaining the distribution of macrophytes in rivers.
|Subjects:||Geography and Environmental Studies|
Science > Biology and Botany
|Group:||School of Applied Sciences > Centre for Conservation, Ecology and Environmental Change|
|Deposited By:||INVALID USER|
|Deposited On:||27 Nov 2008 17:46|
|Last Modified:||07 Mar 2013 14:58|
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