Parkin, M.C., Turfus, S.C., Smith, N.W., Halket, J.M., Braithwaite, R.A., Elliott, S.P., Osselton, D. M., Cowan, D. A. and Kicman, A.T., 2008. Detection of Ketamine and its Metabolites in Urine by Ultra High Pressure Liquid Chromatography–Tandem Mass Spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography B, 876 (1), pp. 137-142.
Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleUR...
Current analytical methods used for screening drugs and their metabolites in biological samples from victims of drug-facilitated sexual assault (DFSA) or other vulnerable groups can lack sufficient sensitivity. The application of liquid chromatography, employing small particle sizes, with tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) is likely to offer the sensitivity required for detecting candidate drugs and/or their metabolites in urine, as demonstrated here for ketamine. Ultra-performance liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (UPLC–MS/MS) was performed following extraction of urine (4 mL) using mixed-mode (cation and C8) solid-phase cartridges. Only 20 μL of the 250 μL extract was injected, leaving sufficient volume for other assays important in DFSA cases. Three ion transitions were chosen for confirmatory purposes. As ketamine and norketamine (including their stable isotopes) are available as reference standards, the assay was additionally validated for quantification purposes to study elimination of the drug and primary metabolite following a small oral dose of ketamine (50 mg) in 6 volunteers. Dehydronorketamine, a secondary metabolite, was also analyzed qualitatively to determine whether monitoring could improve retrospective detection of administration. The detection limit for ketamine and norketamine was 0.03 ng/mL and 0.05 ng/mL, respectively, and these compounds could be confirmed in urine for up to 5 and 6 days, respectively. Dehydronorketamine was confirmed up to 10 days, providing a very broad window of detection.
|Subjects:||Science > Chemistry|
|Group:||School of Applied Sciences > Forensic and Biological Sciences|
|Deposited By:||INVALID USER|
|Deposited On:||21 Jan 2009 20:11|
|Last Modified:||07 Mar 2013 15:05|
|Repository Staff Only -|
|BU Staff Only -|
|Help Guide -||Editing Your Items in BURO|