Ciantar, C. and Hadfield, M., 2003. A study of tribological durability with associated environmental impacts of a domestic refrigerator. Materials and Design, 25 (4), pp. 331-334.
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Environmental considerations have led to the phase out of chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) refrigerants from the domestic refrigeration industry. One intriguing aspect is that the chlorine in CFCs is a good lubricating agent and any deterioration of system performance may adversely influence other environmental considerations. Based on this consideration, the aim of this research is to address the sustainable development of domestic refrigeration systems using the replacement refrigerant HFC-134a. The work focuses on the emissions that may arise if the electrical consumption of the product deteriorates or its durability is curtailed. Tribological characteristics on compressor components influence both of these product attributes and therefore a thorough system analysis was carried out. An in-house built experimental test rig, which monitored slight variations in the electrical power drawn by a reciprocating hermetic compressor, was used under different experimental conditions. Furthermore, a detailed life cycle assessment on a domestic refrigerator was performed to help quantify the ensuing environmental burdens. In this way, a relation between tribological characteristics, power consumption and environmental impact was studied. This paper shows that the CFC substitute will increase friction and wear characteristics on the aluminium alloy connecting rod and the steel gudgeon pin. These characteristics may contribute to the observed increase in the electrical energy consumption of the compressor such that the indirect global warming implications rise with HFC-134a. If the sustainable development of this product is to be ascertained then a change in refrigerants alone will not suffice.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Tribology Environment Wear Refrigeration|
|Subjects:||Technology > Engineering > Electrical and Electronic Engineering|
|Group:||School of Design, Engineering & Computing > Sustainable Design Research Centre|
|Deposited By:||INVALID USER|
|Deposited On:||18 Dec 2007|
|Last Modified:||07 Mar 2013 14:35|
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