McDougall, S. and Isherwood, S., 2009. What's in a name? The role of graphics, functions and their interrelationships in icon identification. Behavior Research Methods, 41 (2), pp. 325-336.
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Communication using icons is now commonplace. It is therefore important to understand the processes involved in icon comprehension and the stimulus cues that individuals utilize to facilitate identification. In this study, we examined predictors of icon identification as participants gained experience with icons over a series of learning trials. A dynamic pattern of findings emerged in which the primary predictors of identification changed as learning progressed. In early learning trials, semantic distance (the closeness of the relationship between icon and function) was the best predictor of performance, accounting for up to 55% of the variance observed, whereas familiarity with the function was more important in later trials. Other stimulus characteristics, such as our familiarity with the graphic in the icon and its concreteness, were also found to be important for icon design. The theoretical implications of these findings are discussed, with particular emphasis on the parallels with picture naming. The icon identification norms from this study may be downloaded from brm.psychonomic-journals.org/content/supplemental.
|Group:||School of Design, Engineering & Computing > Psychology Research Group|
|Deposited By:||Professor Sine McDougall|
|Deposited On:||21 Apr 2009 19:10|
|Last Modified:||07 Mar 2013 15:08|
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