Skip to main content

The Use of Graduated Scenarios to Facilitate the Learning of Complex and Difficult-to-describe Concepts.

Moon, J. A., 2009. The Use of Graduated Scenarios to Facilitate the Learning of Complex and Difficult-to-describe Concepts. Art, Design and Communication in Higher Education, 8 (1), 57 -70.

Full text available as:

PDF (Word to PDF conversion (via antiword) conversion from application/msword to application/pdf)


DOI: 10.1386/adch.8.1.57_1


There are many complex concepts in higher education learning that are difficult to convey to learners in words. Some examples are reflective learning, critical thinking, clinical reasoning; processes of evaluation (e.g. in art and design subjects) and professional practice (eg teaching itself). These are important concepts that evade straight forward uses of language that might explain how to ‘do’ them and how then to ‘do them better’ or at a ‘deeper level’ and so on. This paper explores a method that has been developed to facilitate the learning of such concepts - the graduated scenario technique. The paper describes the initial development of the method with respect to the concept of reflective learning. Graduated scenarios are based on two practices – firstly, the use of examples and demonstrations that show learners – in this case - how to write reflectively. Secondly they demonstrate the characteristics of deep reflection as opposed to superficial and descriptive reflection. This demonstration is made explicit at the end of the exercise, in a framework for,– in this case, reflective learning. The assumption is made that better quality learning emanates from deeper reflection (eg Hatton and Smith, 1995). The paper goes on to discuss the application of the graduated scenario technique to critical thinking. It then moves to a more generic approach, considering why such the technique appears to be helpful - and it provides examples of other areas of learning in which the it could be used.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Scenarios, learning, reflection, critical thinking, methods for supporting learning, professional development, professional practices, writing.
Group:Faculty of Media & Communication
ID Code:11867
Deposited By: Dr Jennifer Moon LEFT
Deposited On:16 Oct 2009 11:26
Last Modified:14 Mar 2022 13:26


Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...
Repository Staff Only -