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The ARSQ: the athletes' received support questionnaire.

Freeman, P., Coffee, P., Moll, T., Rees, T. and Sammy, N., 2014. The ARSQ: the athletes' received support questionnaire. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 36 (2), 189 - 202.

Full text available as:

Freeman et al. (2014).pdf - Accepted Version


DOI: 10.1123/jsep.2013-0080


To address calls for context-specific measurement of social support, this article reports the development of the Athletes' Received Support Questionnaire (ARSQ) and demonstrates initial evidence for its validity. Across four studies there was support for a four-dimensional structure reflecting emotional, esteem, informational, and tangible received support. There was also support for unidimensional and higher-order models. Further, Study 3 provided some support for convergent validity, with significant correlations between the corresponding dimensions of the ARSQ and the Inventory of Socially Supportive Behaviors. Study 4 provided evidence for the nomological validity of the ARSQ. Emotional and esteem support significantly predicted self-confidence and positive affect, and tangible support significantly moderated the relationship between stress and negative affect. Collectively, these results provide initial evidence for the validity of the ARSQ, and offer researchers flexibility to adopt either a multidimensional or aggregated approach to measuring received support.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Adolescent ; Athletes ; England ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Models, Statistical ; Questionnaires ; Reproducibility of Results ; Self Concept ; Social Support ; Sports ; Young Adult
Group:Bournemouth University Business School
ID Code:22682
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:15 Oct 2015 15:35
Last Modified:14 Mar 2022 13:53


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