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Rotary Fatigue Testing Machine to Determine the Fatigue Life of NiTi alloy Wires and Endondontic Files.

Carvalho, A., Freitas, M., Reis, L., Montalvão, D. and Fonte, M., 2015. Rotary Fatigue Testing Machine to Determine the Fatigue Life of NiTi alloy Wires and Endondontic Files. In: 1st International Conference on Structural Integrity, 1 - 4 September 2015, Funchal, Madeira, Portugal, 500 - 505.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2015.08.098


Endodontic rotary file instruments used to treat root canals in dentistry suffered breakthrough transformations in recent years when stainless steel was replaced by Nickel-Titanium (NiTi). NiTi alloys used in Endodontics possess superelastic properties at body temperature (37C) that bring many advantages on the overall performance of the root-canal treatment. They can follow curved root canals more easily than stainless steel instruments and have been reported to be more effective in the removal of the inflamed pulp tissue and protection of the tooth structure. However, these instruments eventually fracture under cyclic bending loading due to fatigue, without any visible signals of degradation to the practitioner. This problem brought new challenges on how new instruments should be tested, as NiTi alloys are highly non-linear and present a large hysteresis cycle in the Elastic domain. Current existing standards are only available for Stainless Steel testing. Thus, many authors have attempted to design systems that can test NiTi endodontic files under fatigue loads. However, no approach has been universally adopted by the community yet, as in most cases they are based on empirical set ups. Following a more systematic approach, this work presents the results of rotary fatigue tests for several NiTi wires from different manufacturers (MemryTM and EuroflexTM). The tests were done on a versatile fully automatic rotary bending testing machine. The formulation is also presented, where the material strength reduction can be quantified from the determination of the strain and the number of cycles until failure.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Fatigue; Files; NiTi wires; Life evaluation
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:24565
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:30 Aug 2016 10:26
Last Modified:14 Mar 2022 13:58


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