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Heat transfer evaluation of metal oxides based nano-PCMs for latent heat storage system application.

Khan, Z. A., Khan, Z. and Sewell, P., 2019. Heat transfer evaluation of metal oxides based nano-PCMs for latent heat storage system application. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 144 (December), 118619.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2019.118619


This article is focused on numerical analyses of commercially available metal-oxides as potential nano-additives for paraffin in thermal storage applications. Technical and economic prospects of metal-oxides based nano-PCMs are evaluated to help formulate selection criterion for nano-additives to achieve optimum thermal performance at acceptable cost. Numerical model based on enthalpy-porosity technique is developed which incorporates natural convection and transient variations in thermo-physical properties of nano-PCM. Numerical model is simulated for charging and discharging cycles of nano-PCMs in shell and tube heat exchanger at controlled temperatures. Transient simulations help in analysing heat transfer categorisation and isotherms distributions, solid–liquid interfaces propagations, charging and discharging rates, and overall thermal enthalpy. Inclusion of nano-particles increase the effective thermal conductivity and surface area for heat transfer, which results in enhanced charging and discharging rates. The conductive heat transfer, peak heat flux, charging and discharging rates are significantly enhanced by increasing volume concentration of nano-particles. The percentage enhancement in charging rates of SiO2 based nano-PCM samples with 1% and 5% are 29.45% and 41.04%, respectively. Likewise, the discharging rates are improved by 21.09% and 30.08%, respectively. However, an increase in volume concentration reduces natural convection and overall thermal enthalpy, and increases total cost of nano-PCM. For instance, the percentage reductions in total enthalpy of CuO based nano-PCM samples with 1% and 5% volume concentrations are 8.01% and 32.14%, respectively. Likewise, the total costs are increased from 14.26 €/kg for base paraffin to 70.89 – 309.33 €/kg, respectively. Hence, the significance and originality of this research lies within evaluation and identification of preferable metal-oxides with higher potential for improving thermal performance at reasonable cost. This article will help bring significant impact to large-scale utilisation of low-carbon and clean energy technology in domestic and commercial applications.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Funded by Energy Recovery at Thermodynamic Expansion and Thermal Boosting Through Convection in Flat Plate Solar Thermal Systems (FPSTS)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Thermal energy storage (TES) ; Phase change material (PCM) ; Nano-particles ; Melting and solidification ; Shell and tube heat exchanger
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:32662
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:23 Aug 2019 09:30
Last Modified:14 Mar 2022 14:17


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