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Animal proxies to characterize the strontium biosphere in the northeastern Nile Delta.

Stantis, C., Nowell, G.M., Prell, S. and Schutkowski, H., 2020. Animal proxies to characterize the strontium biosphere in the northeastern Nile Delta. Bioarchaeology of the Near East, 13.

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Strontium (⁸⁷Sr/⁸⁶Sr) isotope analysis is a potent tool for reconstructing the residential mobility of humans and animals in the past but is reliant on knowledge of strontium isotope variation within the expanded physical environment. This paper aims to contribute to the isoscape in the northeastern Nile Delta with faunal samples from the site of Tell el-Dab‘a (Avaris), believed to be the capital of the so-called Hyksos kings. Mapping the available ⁸⁷Sr/⁸⁶Sr ratios from Egypt and the Sudan highlights major research gaps outside the Nile region. e current corpus of knowledge also shows that the Nile River region yields a homogenous range of isotopic values (median and IQR 0.7076 0.0003). Strontium isotope ratios from human dental enamel, which record childhood residence, will provide evidence of non-locals from outside the Nile area with confidence but these values suggest that identifying movement along the Nile River in the past will be difficult without the use of supplementary evidence (e.g. oxygen stable isotope analysis). We present ⁸⁷Sr/⁸⁶Sr ratios of archaeologically-derived faunal bone samples (n=6) from the site of Tell el-Dab‘a (Avaris) in the northeastern Nile Delta. e ⁸⁷Sr/⁸⁶Sr ratios fit within the expectations of the wider Nile values (mean 0.70769 0.00003) and serve as the first archaeologically-derived values reported for this area of Egypt.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:paleomobility; migration; biosphere baseline; Egypt;
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:33461
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:20 Feb 2020 10:54
Last Modified:14 Mar 2022 14:20


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