Skip to main content

Roadmap for Climate Alliance Economies to vision 2030: Retrospect and Lessons.

Adedoyin, F. F., Bekun, F.V. and Alola, A.A., 2021. Roadmap for Climate Alliance Economies to vision 2030: Retrospect and Lessons. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 28, 37459-37470.

Full text available as:

Manuscript R1 (1).pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.


DOI: 10.1007/s11356-021-13380-0


The United Nations Climate Conference 25, held in December 2019, reached a significant agreement against implementing the Paris agreement come 2020. Bound by the contract, 189 countries who are party to the deal agreed to constrain worldwide temperature to ascend to 1.5 degrees Celsius. To this end, the present study attempts to investigate the readiness of selected countries in the European Union to implement the agreement, which will better the quality of the global environment. In line with this, this study appraises the connection between economic growth, renewable and non-renewable energy consumption, on emissions in 11 countries in the European Union from 1990 to 2016. The study utilises the Pooled Mean Group-Auto Regressive Distributed Lag (PMG-ARDL) model estimator and Dumitrescu and Hurlin Panel Causality analysis to analyse the long-run and short-run impact and direction of causality among these factors, respectively. The long-run study's empirical results show a U-shaped Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) and a negative connection between renewable energy use and emissions in the EU-11 countries. In the short-run, non-renewable energy use worsens CO2 emissions while renewable energy use leads to a fall in emissions. Similarly, causality tests show a feedback mechanism between emissions and renewable energy use and between non-renewable energy and renewable use. Also, there is unidirectional causality from income to CO2 emissions, non-renewable energy use to CO2 emissions. The investigation recommends an expanded proportion of renewable energy sources in the EU countries' energy mix to cut down on emissions.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Climate Alliance ; European Union; CO2 emissions Renewable energy; Non-renewable energy; Economic growth; Environment
Group:Bournemouth University Business School
ID Code:35248
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:08 Mar 2021 10:12
Last Modified:14 Mar 2022 14:26


Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...
Repository Staff Only -