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Exploring potential mechanisms underpinning the therapeutic effects of surfing.

Moreton, S.G., Brennan, M.K., Nicholls, V., Wolf, I.D. and Muir, D.L., 2022. Exploring potential mechanisms underpinning the therapeutic effects of surfing. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 22 (2), 117-134.

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Surfing-Revised-Manuscript - Clean.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.


DOI: 10.1080/14729679.2021.1884104


There is growing interest in surfing as a recreational activity that may facilitate skill development and improved mental health. However, there remains uncertainty regarding the causal processes through which surfing may improve psychological well-being. With the aim to guide future research, we review potential mechanisms that may underpin the psychotherapeutic effects of surfing. A range of plausible factors are identified, including exercise, water immersion, exposure to sunlight, transcendent experiences, reductions in rumination and the satisfaction of basic psychological needs. Further research is needed to clarify the effectiveness of surfing-based therapies and to establish the relative contributions of the causal mechanisms at play.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:surfing; surf therapy; recreation; exercise; mental health; blue space
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:35284
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:16 Mar 2021 16:03
Last Modified:12 Aug 2022 01:08


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