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The alternative energy utilization and common regional trade outlook in EU-27: Evidence from common correlated effects.

Adedoyin, F. F., Alola, A. A. and Bekun, F. V., 2021. The alternative energy utilization and common regional trade outlook in EU-27: Evidence from common correlated effects. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 145 (July), 111092.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2021.111092


The role of low-carbon energy and trade on the environment has drawn several studies that have looked at issues from different perspectives, thus yielding differing conclusions. Considering the current emphasis on the COP25 conference and the commitment to cut down emissions this study is a timely outlook that underpins the case of the European Union (EU) countries. Hence, we investigate the connection between alternative and sustainable energy sources, trade, income, and emissions in 27 selected European Union economies by utilizing data covering the period 1990-2017. We used second-generation panel model estimators to analyze the relationship between the variables in the long run. In specific, the long run results from the MG (Mean Group), AMG (Augmented Mean Group), and CCEMG (Common Correlated Effects Mean Group) estimators reveal that sustainable and alternative energy sources have a negative significant impact on pollutant emissions while trade and income have a positive impact on pollutant emissions except that the impact of trade is insignificant. Although the positive impact of openness in trade on carbon emission is insignificant, the positive impact suggests that the free-trade policy that is currently in place in the EU should further incorporate sustainable development goals (SDGs) to avoid the outsourcing of carbon emissions among the member countries. Causality tests reveal a feedback hypothesis between renewable energy, income, trade, and carbon emanations. The investigation proposes the expanded utilization of sustainable power sources to mitigate carbon emissions in the European Union.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Renewable energy; Trade; income; Pollutant emissions; European Union
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:35367
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:13 Apr 2021 10:08
Last Modified:15 Apr 2022 01:08


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