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Validation of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer (EPIC) Food Frequency Questionnaire for use among Adults in Lebanon.

Khaled, K., Hundley, V., Bassil, M., Bazzi, M. and Tsofliou, F., 2021. Validation of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer (EPIC) Food Frequency Questionnaire for use among Adults in Lebanon. Public Health Nutrition, 24 (13), 4007-4016.

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DOI: 10.1017/S1368980021002123


OBJECTIVE: To validate the EPIC food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) in Lebanon. DESIGN: Validation of the EPIC FFQ was done against three 24-hour recalls. Unadjusted and energy adjusted correlations, Bland Altman plots, and weighed kappa statistics were used to assess the agreement between the two methods. SETTING: Lebanon. PARTICIPANTS: 119 adults (staff and students) at a Lebanese University. RESULTS: Good unadjusted and energy-adjusted correlation coefficients were found between data from the two methods which ranged from -0.002 (vitamin A) to 0.337 (carbohydrates) and were all statistically significant except for vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin A, selenium, and niacin. Slight/fair agreement was reported through weighed kappa estimates for unadjusted data ranging from -0.05 (vitamin C) to 0.248 (magnesium) and for energy-adjusted data ranging from -0.034 (vitamin A) to 0.203 (phosphorus). Individuals were categorised into exact and adjacent quartiles with an average of 78% for unadjusted data and 70% for energy-adjusted data, indicating a very good agreement between the EPIC FFQ and the average of the 24-HRs data. The visual inspection of the Bland-Altman plots revealed an over-estimation of energy, carbohydrates, protein, and fat intakes by the FFQ method. CONCLUSION: Overall, when all tests were taken into consideration, this study demonstrated an acceptable agreement of the EPIC FFQ with the 24-hour dietary recall method and significantly good correlations between dietary intakes. Therefore, the EPIC FFQ can be considered a valid tool for assessing diet in epidemiological studies among Lebanese adults.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:24-hour recalls ; Adults ; Diet ; Food frequency questionnaire ; Lebanon ; Validation
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:35522
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:19 May 2021 07:56
Last Modified:21 Apr 2023 12:55


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