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Poor dietary quality and patterns are associated with higher perceived stress among women of reproductive age in the UK.

Khaled, K., Hundley, V. and Tsofliou, F., 2021. Poor dietary quality and patterns are associated with higher perceived stress among women of reproductive age in the UK. Nutrients, 13 (8), 2588.

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nutrients-13-02588.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.


DOI: 10.3390/nu13082588


The aim of this study was to investigate the association between stress and diet quality/patterns among women of reproductive age in UK. In total, 244 reproductive aged women participated in an online survey consisting of the European Prospective into Cancer and Nutrition food frequency questionnaire in addition to stress, depression, physical-activity, adiposity, and socioeconomic questions. An a-priori diet quality index was derived by assessing the adherence to Alternate Mediterranean Diet (aMD). A-posteriori dietary-patterns (DPs) were explored through factor analysis. Regression models were used to assess the predictors of the DPs. Participants mainly had medium (n = 113) aMD adherence. Higher stress levels were reported by participants with low aMD adherence. Participants with high aMD adherence were of normal BMI. Factor analysis revealed three DPs: fats and oils, sugars, snacks, alcoholic-beverages, red/processed meat, and cereals (DP-1), fish and seafood, eggs, milk and milk-products (DP-2), and fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds (DP-3). Regression models showed that DP-1 was positively associated with stress (p = 0.005) and negatively with age (p = 0.004) and smoking (p = 0.005). DP-2 was negatively associated with maternal educational-level (p = 0.01) while DP-3 was negatively associated with stress (p < 0.001), BMI (p = 0.001), and white ethnicity (p = 0.01). Stress was negatively associated with healthy diet quality/patterns among reproductive aged women.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Habits, Beneficial Exercise and Chronic Diseases: Latest Advances and Prospects
Uncontrolled Keywords:perceived stress; psychological; stress; diet quality; dietary patterns; women; reproductive age; childbearing age; a-priori; a-posteriori
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:35878
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:09 Aug 2021 11:17
Last Modified:14 Mar 2022 14:29


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