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A systematic review of the qualitative literature on older individuals’ experiences of care and well-being during physical rehabilitation for acquired brain injury.

Lafiatoglou, P., Ellis-Hill, C., Gouva, M., Ploumis, A. and Mantzoukas, S., 2022. A systematic review of the qualitative literature on older individuals’ experiences of care and well-being during physical rehabilitation for acquired brain injury. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 78 (2), 377-394.

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DOI: 10.1111/jan.15016


Abstract Aims: To acquire an in-depth understanding of how older individuals diagnosed with acquired brain injury (ABI) experience their well-being and care when undergoing physical rehabilitation. Design: Systematic literature review. Data sources: The electronic databases of PubMed, CINAHL, APA PsycInfo, ASSIA and SCOPUS were searched from 2005 to 2020. Extensive reference checking was also conducted. Review methods: A systematic review was conducted following PRISMA guidelines, including predominantly qualitative studies. Studies’ quality was appraised using the critical apraisal skills programme (CASP) tool. Results: Seventeen studies met the inclusion criteria. Following methods of thematic synthesis, four overarching interpretive themes were identified: (a) Rehabilitation processes and their impact on older individuals’ well-being; (b) Identity and embodiment concerns of older individuals during rehabilitation; (c) Institutional factors affecting older individuals’ care and well-being experiences; and (d) Older individuals’ participation in creative activities as part of rehabilitation. Conclusion: Organizational and structural care deficiencies as well as health disparities can adversely impact older individuals’ autonomous decision-making and goal-setting potentials. The discrepancy between older individuals’ expectations and the reality of returning home along with the illusionary wish to return to a perceived normality, can further negatively affect older individuals’ sense of well-being. Constructive communication, emotional support, family involvement in rehabilitation and creating a stimulating, enriching social environment can humanize and facilitate older individuals’ adjustment to their new reality following ABI. Impact: There is a lack of qualitative research on older individuals’ ABI rehabilitation experiences, especially traumatic brain injury incidents. Further study should consider patients concerns over their involvement in decision-making and goal setting about their care. Overall, this review reveals the need to examine further the significance of humanizing care and the factors that affect older individuals’sense of well-being.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Funded by INNOVATEDIGNITY. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020-MSCA-ITN-2018 programme under grant agreement no. 813928.
Uncontrolled Keywords:acquired brain injury; nursing older individuals’ experiences; physical rehabilitation; stroke; systematic review; well-being
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:35904
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:18 Aug 2021 13:22
Last Modified:14 Mar 2022 14:29


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