Skip to main content

How does energy investment affect the energy utilization-growth-tourism nexus? Evidence from E7 Countries.

Gyamfi, B.A., Bein, M.A., Adedoyin, F. F. and Bekun, F.V., 2022. How does energy investment affect the energy utilization-growth-tourism nexus? Evidence from E7 Countries. Energy and Environment, 33 (2), 354-376.

Full text available as:

EAE-20-0459.R2_Proof_hi.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.


DOI: 10.1177/0958305X21999752


Tourism is an important driver of economic growth for several countries in the world. However, the rise in tourism activities has raised concerns regarding emissions resulting from tourist activities such as transportation as well as the consequent effect on the quality of the environment. Hence, this study examines the impact of tourism and other factors such as investments, energy utilization and economic growth on carbondioxide (CO2) emission in the emerging industrialized seven countries namely (China, India, Brazil, Mexico, Russia, Indonesia and Turkey) for the period 2000 to 2018. The study uses the Pool Mean Group Autoregressive Distributed Lag (PMG-ARDL), ordinal least square (OLS), dynamic ordinals least square (DOLS) and fully modified least square (FMOLS) estimators as well as Dumitrescu and Hurlin Causality Test. Long run regression estimates reveal that a increase in tourism activities lower carbondioxide emissions in the E7 countries which can be traced to the adoption of environmentally friendly tourism. Furthermore, investment in energy and economic growth, the majority of the regression results point that both factors lower carbondioxide emissions in the emerging seven (E7) countries while energy consumption is a driver of CO2 emissions in the E7 countries. The study suggests that the implementation of environmentally friendly tourism be sustained to continually improve the quality of the natural environment in the blocs. Similarly, strict regulations of economic activities in line with the protection of the environment are advised while the use of renewable energy is needed to reduce emissions in the E7 countries.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Tourism, energy utilization, environmental sustainability, economic growth, carbondioxide emissions, investment in the energy sector, E7 economies
Group:Bournemouth University Business School
ID Code:35977
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:07 Sep 2021 11:56
Last Modified:23 Mar 2022 12:22


Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...
Repository Staff Only -