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To what extent are pollutant emission intensified by international tourist arrivals? Starling evidence from G7 Countries.

Gyamfi, B.A., Bein, M.A., Adedoyin, F. F. and Bekun, F.V., 2022. To what extent are pollutant emission intensified by international tourist arrivals? Starling evidence from G7 Countries. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 24, 7896-7917.

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Gyamfi2022_Article_ToWhatExtentArePollutantEmissi.pdf - Published Version
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DOI: 10.1007/s10668-021-01765-7


A large volume of environmental science and pollution research has focused on the contributions of various forms of energy consumption to emissions. However, little attention is given to the impact of human activities such as tourism. Hence, this study investigates the impact of tourist arrivals, energy use, and economic growth on CO2 emissions in the G7 countries for the period 1995–2018. The study employed the use of dynamic panel estimations, namely dynamic ordinary least square, fully modified ordinary least squares and panel pooled mean group-autoregressive distributed lag model (PMG-ARDL) estimation techniques to establish long-run and short-run relationships between the study variable of interest, while the Dumitrescu Hurlin non-causality test was used to test for causality direction among the variables outlined. Empirical findings from the regression revealed that economic growth, tourism and energy use are strong drivers of emission levels in the G7 bloc, while the causality analysis revealed that there is unidirectional causality from CO2 to energy use, CO2 to economic growth (GDP) and GDP to tourist arrivals. These outcomes imply that tourism, energy use and economic growth have no direct effect on emissions, but rather emissions predict economic growth and energy use. Furthermore, tourist arrivals predict energy use; economic growth predicts tourism. Overall based on the study of empirical outcomes, we suggest that to achieve more significant results in reducing emissions, governments of the G7 countries should continue to emphasize green tourism as well as increase the share of renewable energy in their regional energy mix. More policy direction was outlined in the concluding section of this study.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Environmental pollution; Tourist arrivals; Energy use; Economic growth: CO2 emissions · G7 economics
Group:Bournemouth University Business School
ID Code:36036
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:21 Sep 2021 11:28
Last Modified:11 May 2022 12:54


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