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Directional turnover towards larger-ranged plants over time and across habitats.

Staude, I.R., Pereira, H.M., Daskalova, G.N., Bernhardt-Römermann, M., Diekmann, M., Pauli, H., Van Calster, H., Vellend, M., Bjorkman, A.D., Brunet, J., De Frenne, P., Hédl, R., Jandt, U., Lenoir, J., Myers-Smith, I.H., Verheyen, K., Wipf, S., Wulf, M., Andrews, C., Barančok, P., Barni, E., Benito-Alonso, J-L., Bennie, J., Berki, I., Blüml, V., Chudomelová, M., Decocq, G., Dick, J.T.A., Dirnböck, T., Durak, T., Eriksson, O., Erschbamer, B., Graae, B.J., Heinken, T., Schei, F.H., Jaroszewicz, B., Kopecký, M., Kudernatsch, T., Macek, M., Malicki, M., Máliš, F., Michelsen, O., Naaf, T., Nagel, T.A., Newton, A., Nicklas, L., Oddi, L., Ortmann-Ajkai, A., Palaj, A., Petraglia, A., Petřík, P., Pielech, R., Porro, F., Puşcaş, M., Reczyńska, K., Rixen, C., Schmidt, W., Standovár, T., Steinbauer, K., Świerkosz, K., Teleki, B., Theurillat, J-P., Turtureanu, P.D., Ursu, T-M., Vanneste, T., Vergeer, P., Vild, O., Villar, L., Vittoz, P., Winkler, M. and Baeten, L., 2022. Directional turnover towards larger-ranged plants over time and across habitats. Ecology Letters, 25 (2), 466-482.

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DOI: 10.1111/ele.13937


Species turnover is ubiquitous. However, it remains unknown whether certain types of species are consistently gained or lost across different habitats. Here, we analysed the trajectories of 1827 plant species over time intervals of up to 78 years at 141 sites across mountain summits, forests, and lowland grasslands in Europe. We found, albeit with relatively small effect sizes, displacements of smaller- by larger-ranged species across habitats. Communities shifted in parallel towards more nutrient-demanding species, with species from nutrient-rich habitats having larger ranges. Because these species are typically strong competitors, declines of smaller-ranged species could reflect not only abiotic drivers of global change, but also biotic pressure from increased competition. The ubiquitous component of turnover based on species range size we found here may partially reconcile findings of no net loss in local diversity with global species loss, and link community-scale turnover to macroecological processes such as biotic homogenisation.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Research Funding Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. Grant Number: DFG FZT 118 Dirección General de Cambio Climático del Gobierno de Aragón Ordesa y Monte Perdido National Park Servicio de Medio Ambiente de Soria de la Junta de Castilla y León Natural Environment Research Council. Grant Number: NE/R016429/1 Wissenschaftsförderung der Südtiroler Landesregierung Tiroler Wissenschaftsfonds Czech Academy of Sciences. Grant Number: RVO 67985939 Ministry of Research and Innovation. Grant Numbers: 22 PFE/2018, PN2019-2022/19270201 Dutch Research Council European Research Council Horizon 2020. Grant Numbers: 871128, 757833 Austrian Academy of Sciences Swiss Federal Office of Education and Science Swiss Federal Office for the Environment Swiss National Park Dr. Joachim de Giacomi foundation Carnegie-Caledonian PhD Scholarship NERC. Grant Number: NE/L002558/1 Scientific Grant Agency
Uncontrolled Keywords:GLORIA ; alpine ; biodiversity change ; forest ; forestREplot ; grassland ; homogenization ; resurvey ; winner and loser species
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:36382
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:14 Dec 2021 10:41
Last Modified:14 Mar 2022 14:31


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