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Iterative BTreeNet: Unsupervised learning for large and dense 3D point cloud registration.

Xi, L., Tang, W., Xue, T. and Wan, T.R., 2022. Iterative BTreeNet: Unsupervised learning for large and dense 3D point cloud registration. Neurocomputing, 506 (September), 336-354.

Full text available as:

BTreeNet-final version-WTang.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.


DOI: 10.1016/j.neucom.2022.07.082


3D point cloud registration is a computational process that aligns two 3D point clouds through transformation. i.e. finding matching translation and rotation. Existing state-of-the-art learning-based methods require ground-truth transformation as supervision and often perform poorly in dealing with partial point clouds and large scenes that are not trained, resulting in poor generalization for neural networks. In this paper, we propose a novel unsupervised deep learning network - Binary Tree Network (BTreeNet) that consists of a novel forward propagation, which learns features for the rotation separately from the translation and avoids the interference between the estimations of rotation and translation in one single matrix. We then propose an Iterative Binary Tree Network (IBTreeNet) to continuously improve the registration accuracy for large and dense 3D point clouds. The Chamfer Distance and the Earth Mover's Distance are adopted as the loss function for unsupervised learning. We show that BTreeNet and IBTreeNet outperform state-of-the-art learning-based and traditional methods on partial and noisy point clouds without training them in such scenarios. Most importantly, the proposed methods exhibit remarkable generalization and robustness to unseen large and dense scenes that are never trained.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:3D point cloud registration; Hierarchical tree; Computer vision; Deep learning
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:37447
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:07 Sep 2022 11:13
Last Modified:28 Jul 2023 01:08


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