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New integrated molecular approaches for investigating lake settlements in north-western Europe.

Brown, A. G, Fonville, T., van Hardenbroek, M., Cavers, G., Crone, A., McCormick, F., Murray, E., Mackay, H., Whitehouse, N. J, Henderson, A. C. G., Barratt, P., Davies, K., Head, K., Langdon, P., Alsos, I. G. and Pirrie, D., 2022. New integrated molecular approaches for investigating lake settlements in north-western Europe. ANTIQUITY, 96 (389), 1179-1199.

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DOI: 10.15184/aqy.2022.70


Lake settlements, particularly crannogs, pose several contradictions—visible yet inaccessible, widespread yet geographically restricted, persistent yet vulnerable. To further our understanding, we developed the integrated use of palaeolimnological (scanning XRF, pollen, spores, diatoms, chironomids, Cladocera, microcharcoal, biogenic silica, SEM-EDS, stable-isotopes) and biomolecular (faecal stanols, bile acids, sedaDNA) analyses of crannog cores in south-west Scotland and Ireland. Both can be effective methods sets for revealing occupation chronologies and identifying on-crannog activities and practices. Strong results from sedaDNA and lipid biomarker analyses demonstrate probable on-site animal slaughter, food storage and possible feasting, suggesting multi-period, elite site associations, and the storage and protection of valuable resources.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Ireland; Scotland; lake settlements; molecular archaeology; sedaDNA; lipid biomarkers; crannogs
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:37729
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:31 Oct 2022 10:40
Last Modified:31 Oct 2022 10:40


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