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Perceptual visual dependence for spatial orientation in patients with schizophrenia.

Razzak, R. A., Jahrami, H., Husni, M., Ali, M. E. and Bagust, J., 2022. Perceptual visual dependence for spatial orientation in patients with schizophrenia. PLoS One, 17 (12), e0278718.

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journal.pone.0278718.pdf - Published Version
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DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0278718


BACKGROUND: Patients with schizophrenia are reported to have vestibular dysfunction and to weigh vestibular input to a lesser extent compared to healthy controls. Such deficits may increase visual dependence (VD) for spatial orientation at a perceptual level in these patients. The aim of this study is to compare VD levels between healthy control and patients with schizophrenia and to explore associations between VD and clinical measures in these patients. Relation of VD to antipsychotic drug treatment is also discussed. METHOD: 18 patients with schizophrenia and 19 healthy controls participated in this study. The Rod and Disc Test (RDT) was used to create an optokinetic surround around a centrally located rod. Participants aligned the rod to their subjective visual vertical (SVV) in both static and dynamic disc conditions. VD was calculated as the difference in SVV between these two conditions. RESULTS: There was no group difference or gender difference in static or dynamic SVV as well as VD. There was no correlation between VD and any of the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) scores, however VD was significantly correlated to illness duration in the patient group. CONCLUSIONS: Schizophrenia is not associated with greater VD levels at a perceptual level, compared to controls, indicating adequate visuo-vestibular integration for judging line verticality in these patients. Patients with greater chronicity of the disease are more visually dependent than those less chronically ill, consistent with previous reports of possible vestibular dysfunction in patients with schizophrenia. This may affect their daily functioning in dynamic visual environments.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Humans; Orientation, Spatial; Schizophrenia; Space Perception; Antipsychotic Agents; Vestibule, Labyrinth
ID Code:37918
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:13 Dec 2022 10:34
Last Modified:13 Dec 2022 10:34


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