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Demonising migrants in contexts of extremism: Analysis of hate speech in UK and Spain.

Lilleker, D. and Perez-Escolar, M., 2023. Demonising migrants in contexts of extremism: Analysis of hate speech in UK and Spain. Politics and Governance, 11 (2), 127-137.

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LillekerPerez-Escolar-PaG-2022.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.


DOI: 10.17645/pag.v11i2.6302


Hate speech has been seen as a problem within democratic societies that has been exacerbated by social media. While platforms claim to moderate content, this proves impossible. Studying popular platforms in the UK and Spain and examining content within community pages dedicated to right‐wing parties, we use framing analysis to identify the predominant frames in user comments that contained hate speech against migrants. Our research demonstrates a frequent use of arguments that encourage xenophobic and discriminatory attitudes to flourish. Specifically, we find that immigrants are commonly framed as potential criminals, people who steal resources and erode norms of the dominant culture and traditions. The fact that these frames are commonly used is worrying and indicates xenophobic attitudes exist within both societies under study. However, it is difficult to imagine regulatory systems that would prevent these attitudes from being expressed. Rather, we argue that it is more important to focus on correcting the conditions that cause such attitudes to take hold within a society.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Funded by (The Matrix of) Populist and Denialist Attitudes towards Science
Uncontrolled Keywords:extremism; far‐right parties; hate speech; immigration; social media; Spain; UK
Group:Faculty of Media & Communication
ID Code:38263
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:08 Mar 2023 10:07
Last Modified:19 May 2023 14:58


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