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Participatory asset mapping and photovoice interviews to scope cultural and community resources to reduce alcohol harm in Chitwan, Nepal.

Dhital, R., Yoeli, H., Adhikari, A., Luitel, N. P., Nadkarni, A., van Teijlingen, E. and Sin, J., 2023. Participatory asset mapping and photovoice interviews to scope cultural and community resources to reduce alcohol harm in Chitwan, Nepal. Perspectives in Public Health. (In Press)

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dhital-et-al-2023-participatory-asset-mapping-and-photovoice-interviews-to-scope-cultural-and-community-resources-to.pdf - Published Version
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DOI: 10.1177/17579139231180744


AIMS: To scope the breadth of existing cultural and community assets and how alcohol drinkers and community health workers perceived them in relation to reducing alcohol-related harm. METHODS: The study was conducted in Chitwan, south-central Nepal, which has considerable alcohol problems. Participatory asset mapping was conducted using field notes, photography, and through engaging with communities to explore how community assets affect alcohol consumption. Semi-structured photovoice interviews were conducted with harmful/hazardous drinkers (AUDIT score 8 to 19) and community health workers. Purposive and snowball sampling were used to recruit participants. During interviews, participants used their photographs to reflect on how community assets influenced alcohol use. Thematic framework analysis was used to analyse the data. RESULTS: We recruited 12 harmful/hazardous drinkers (3 females) and 6 health workers (2 females). The mean AUDIT score of the former was 12.17 (SD ±2.86). Thematic analysis of the photovoice interviews produced three themes: 'influences and impact of families and communities'; 'culture and spirituality'; and 'nature and the environment'. The community mapping produced five assets that promoted alcohol consumption: (1) availability; (2) advertising; (3) negative attitudes towards users; (4) festivals/gatherings; and (5) illiteracy/poverty. Six assets that discouraged consumption were: (1) legislation restricting use; (2) community organisations; (3) cultural/spiritual sites; (4) healthcare facilities; (5) family and communities; and (6) women's community groups. Those from certain ethnic groups consumed more alcohol, experienced more family discord, or felt stigmatised due to their drinking. Assets 'festivals/gatherings' and 'negative attitudes toward users' and the theme 'family and communities' concerned with relationships and community activities were perceived to both promote and reduce alcohol use. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides new insight into a variety of cultural and community assets that promote and reduce alcohol use. The study identifies new possibilities to build on visual participatory and arts-based methods that have potential to be effectively implemented at scale.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Nepal; alcohol harm; cultural and community assets; global public health; participatory asset mapping; photovoice interviews
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:38733
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:26 Jun 2023 15:04
Last Modified:26 Jun 2023 15:04


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