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Virtual reality used to distract children and young people with long-term conditions from pain or pruritus: a scoping review using PAGER.

Singleton, H., Mahato, P. K., Arden-Close, E., Thomas, S., Ersser, S. J., Holley, D., Yang, X. and Roberts, A., 2023. Virtual reality used to distract children and young people with long-term conditions from pain or pruritus: a scoping review using PAGER. Journal of Clinical Nursing. (In Press)

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Aims and objectives: To map out the primary research studies relating to how Virtual reality (VR) has been used to distract children and young people with longterm conditions from pain or pruritus. Background: Pharmacologic treatment of chronic pain and pruritus may have side effects; hence, non-invasive non-pharmacological treatments are being sought. Design: The scoping review followed the methodology recommended by the Joanna Briggs Institute, PAGER framework, and PRISMA-ScR checklist. The protocol was registered with the Open Science Registration on February 14th 2022 Methods: Five databases (Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Scopus) were searched. Data were extracted from primary research studies published between 2000-2022 involving children and adolescent populations (<21yrs) with a long-term condition that had an element of enduring pruritus and/or pain. Results: Of 464 abstracts screened, 35 full-text papers were assessed with 5 studies meeting the eligibility criteria. Three main themes emerged from the included studies 1. Improvements in pain and daily functioning; 2. Positive perceptions of VR and 3. Accessibility and feasibility of VR. No papers were found on the effect of VR on alleviating pruritus. Conclusion: VR is feasible, acceptable, and safe for children and adolescents with chronic pain in a range of long-term conditions and offers promise as an adjunctive treatment for improving chronic pain and quality of life. No studies were identified that targeted pruritis or measured pruritis outcomes; thus, the effects of VR for pruritis are unknown. There is a need for rigorously designed, randomised controlled trials to test the clinical and cost-effectiveness of VR interventions for chronic pain and pruritis in children and adolescents. The use of the PAGER (Patterns, Advances, Gaps, Evidence for Practice, and Research Recommendations) framework for scoping reviews helped to structure analysis and findings and identify research gaps

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:virtual reality; chronic pain; eczema; atopic dermatitis; chronic itch
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:39070
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:02 Nov 2023 08:36
Last Modified:02 Nov 2023 08:36


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