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Exploring Adherence to Pelvic Floor Muscle Training in Women Using Mobile Apps: Scoping Review.

Harper, R. C, Sheppard, S., Stewart, C. and Clark, C. J, 2023. Exploring Adherence to Pelvic Floor Muscle Training in Women Using Mobile Apps: Scoping Review. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth, 11, e45947.

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DOI: 10.2196/45947


BACKGROUND: Pelvic floor dysfunction is a public health issue, with 1 in 3 women experiencing symptoms at some point in their lifetime. The gold standard of treatment for pelvic floor dysfunction is supervised pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT); however, adherence to PFMT in women is poor. Mobile apps are increasingly being used in the National Health Service to enable equity in the distribution of health care and increase accessibility to services. However, it is unclear how PFMT mobile apps influence PFMT adherence in women. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify which behavior change techniques (BCTs) have been used in PFMT mobile apps, to distinguish the core "capability, opportunity, and motivation" (COM) behaviors targeted by the BCTs used in PFMT mobile apps, and to compare the levels of PFMT adherence in women between those using PFMT mobile apps and those receiving usual care. METHODS: We conducted a scoping review of the literature. Published quantitative literature that compared the use of a PFMT mobile app to a control group was included to address the objectives of the study. The electronic bibliographic databases searched included MEDLINE, CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science, and PEDro, along with CENTRAL. Studies were also identified from reference searching of systematic reviews. Original articles written in English from 2006 onward were included. Nonexperimental quantitative studies, qualitative studies, studies that use male participants, case studies, web-based interventions, and interventions that use vaginal probes were excluded. Narrative synthesis was conducted on eligible articles based on the aims of the study. RESULTS: Of the 114 records retrieved from the search, a total of 6 articles met the eligibility and inclusion criteria. The total number of participants in the studies was 471. All PFMT mobile apps used the BCT "prompts and cues." Opportunity was the core COM behavior targeted by the PFMT mobile apps. Higher levels of adherence to PFMT were observed among women using PFMT mobile apps. CONCLUSIONS: Digital "prompts and cues" are a BCT commonly used in PFMT mobile apps, and further research is required to practically assess whether a future randomized controlled trial that investigates the effectiveness of digital "prompts and cues" on PFMT adherence in women can be conducted.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:adherence; behavior change; mHealth; mobile apps; pelvic floor muscle training; women
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:39233
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:07 Dec 2023 15:27
Last Modified:07 Dec 2023 15:27


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