Skip to main content

Climate change adaptation for biodiversity in protected areas: An overview of actions.

Gillingham, P. K., Britton, J R., Jones, G., Miller-Rushing, A., Stafford, R. and Slater, H., 2024. Climate change adaptation for biodiversity in protected areas: An overview of actions. Biological Conservation, 289, 110375.

Full text available as:

Gillingham2023BiolCons.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.


Official URL:

DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2023.110375


Protected Areas (PAs) have been a cornerstone of conservation policy in the past but are generally static and thus might be less useful under climate change as species move away from reserves designated for them. In addition, shifting phenology and habitat alteration due to extreme events could make conditions unviable within PAs for species unable to move. However, several recent papers documented their utility in retaining contracting species, acting as stepping-stones for expanding species of conservation concern and resisting invasion by vagrants. Theoretical studies have suggested a role for both protected area design and management to enable biodiversity to adapt to climate change and implementation of these actions has begun. Here we synthesise case studies of climate change adaptation actions in protected areas from the globally available literature. We found 91 case studies of 114 different actions from 30 countries, mostly within Europe, specifically the UK. Half reported an outcome of actions, however, these were generally either the area restored or protected, or incidental reports of colonisation by desired species, without a description of monitoring before and after action. In addition, 72 % of actions would have been beneficial to biodiversity without the presence of climate change, so transformative action is lacking. Better monitoring and reporting of outcomes are urgently needed to develop the evidence base on which actions are most effective, to enable more reserve managers to take action. Managers also need encouragement to identify transformative actions, perhaps by the use of scenario planning to aid understanding of future uncertainties.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:30 × 30; Species migrations; MPA; Reserve management; Resilience; Transformative action
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:39285
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:20 Dec 2023 08:48
Last Modified:20 Dec 2023 08:48


Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...
Repository Staff Only -