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Do they ‘look’ different(ly)? Dynamic face recognition in Malaysians: Chinese, Malays and Indians compared.

Wong, H. K., Keeble, D. R. T. and Stephen, I. D., 2023. Do they ‘look’ different(ly)? Dynamic face recognition in Malaysians: Chinese, Malays and Indians compared. British Journal of Psychology, 114 (S1), 134-149.

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DOI: 10.1111/bjop.12629


Previous cross-cultural eye-tracking studies examining face recognition discovered differences in the eye movement strategies that observers employ when perceiving faces. However, it is unclear (1) the degree to which this effect is fundamentally related to culture and (2) to what extent facial physiognomy can account for the differences in looking strategies when scanning own- and other-race faces. In the current study, Malay, Chinese and Indian young adults who live in the same multiracial country performed a modified yes/no recognition task. Participants' recognition accuracy and eye movements were recorded while viewing muted face videos of own- and other-race individuals. Behavioural results revealed a clear own-race advantage in recognition memory, and eye-tracking results showed that the three ethnic race groups adopted dissimilar fixation patterns when perceiving faces. Chinese participants preferentially attended more to the eyes than Indian participants did, while Indian participants made more and longer fixations on the nose than Malay participants did. In addition, we detected statistically significant, though subtle, differences in fixation patterns between the faces of the three races. These findings suggest that the racial differences in face-scanning patterns may be attributed both to culture and to variations in facial physiognomy between races.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Special Issue: Bridging the gap between intergroup and face perception research: Understanding the mechanisms underlying the other‐‘race’ effect
Uncontrolled Keywords:culture; eye tracking; face recognition; multi-ethnicity; other-race effect; Humans; Young Adult; East Asian People; Face; Facial Recognition; Fixation, Ocular; Malaysia; Cross-Cultural Comparison
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:39371
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:11 Jan 2024 11:00
Last Modified:11 Jan 2024 11:00


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