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The effect of attention on body size adaptation and body dissatisfaction.

House, T., Stephen, I. D., Penton-Voak, I. S. and Brooks, K. R., 2022. The effect of attention on body size adaptation and body dissatisfaction. Royal Society Open Science, 9 (2), 211718.

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The effect of attention on body size adaptation and body dissatisfaction.pdf - Published Version
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DOI: 10.1098/rsos.211718


Attentional bias to low-fat bodies is thought to be associatedwith body dissatisfaction a symptom and risk factor of eating disorders. However, the causal nature of this relationship is unclear. In three preregistered experiments, we trained 370 women to attend towards either high-or low-fat body stimuli using an attention training dot probe task. For each experiment, we analysed the effect of the attention training on (i) attention to subsequently presented high-versus low-fat body stimuli, (ii) visual adaptation to body size, and (iii) body dissatisfaction. The attention training had no effect on attention towards highor low-fat bodies in an online setting (Experiment 1), but did increase attention to high-fat bodies in a laboratory setting (Experiment 2). Neither perceptions of a normal body size nor levels of body dissatisfaction changed as a result of the attention training in either setting. The results in the online setting did not change when we reduced the stimulus onset-Asynchrony of the dot probe task from 500 to 100 ms (Experiment 3). Our results provide no evidence that the dot probe training task used here has robust effects on attention to body size, body image disturbance or body dissatisfaction.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:adaptation; attention; attention training; body dissatisfaction; body size; dot probe
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:39375
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:11 Jan 2024 10:13
Last Modified:11 Jan 2024 10:13


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