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Coastal greening of grey infrastructure: an update on the state-of-the-art.

Firth, L. B., Bone, J., Bartholomew, A., Bishop, M. J., Bugnot, A., Bulleri, F., Chee, S-Y., Claassens, L., Dafforn, K. A., Fairchild, T. P., Hall, A. E., Hanley, M. E., Komyakova, V., Lemasson, A. J., Loke, L. H. L., Mayer-Pinto, M., Morris, R., Naylor, L., Perkins, M. J., Pioch, S., Porri, F., O’Shaughnessy, K. A., Schaefer, N., Strain, E. A., Toft, J. D., Waltham, N., Aguilera, M., Airoldi, L., Bauer, F., Brooks, P., Burt, J., Clubley, C., Free Espinosa, J. R., Evans, A. J., Farrugia-Drakard, V., Froneman, W., Griffin, J., Hawkins, S. J., Heery, E., Herbert, R. J. H., Jones, E., Leung, K. M. Y., Moore, P., Sempere-Valverde, J., Sengupta, D., Sheaves, M., Swearer, S., Thompson, R. C., Todd, P. and Knights, A. M., 2024. Coastal greening of grey infrastructure: an update on the state-of-the-art. Maritime Engineering. (In Press)

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In the marine environment, greening of grey infrastructure (GGI) is a rapidly growing field that attempts to encourage native marine life to colonize marine artificial structures to enhance biodiversity, thereby promoting ecosystem functioning and hence service provision. By designing multifunctional sea defences, breakwaters, port complexes and off-shore renewable energy installations, these structures can yield myriad environmental benefits, in particular, addressing UN SDG 14: Life below water. Whilst GGI has shown great promise and there is a growing evidence base, there remain many criticisms and knowledge gaps, and some feel that there is scope for GGI to be abused by developers to facilitate harmful development. Given the surge of research in this field in recent years, we have reviewed the literature to provide an update update on the state-of-the-art of the field in relation to the many criticisms and identify remaining knowledge gaps. Despite the rapid and significant advances made in this field, there is currently a lack of science and practice outside of academic sectors in the developed world, and there is a collective need for schemes that encourage intersectoral and trans-sectoral research, knowledge exchange, and capacity building to optimize GGI in the pursuit of contributing to sustainable development.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Design; Environment; UN SDG 14: Life below water
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:39416
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:25 Jan 2024 11:58
Last Modified:20 Feb 2024 13:41


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