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How do women feel cold water swimming affects their menstrual and perimenopausal symptoms?

Pound, M., Massey, H., Roseneil, S., Williamson, R., Harper, C. M., Tipton, M., Shawe, J., Felton, M. and Harper, J. C., 2024. How do women feel cold water swimming affects their menstrual and perimenopausal symptoms? Post reproductive health, 30 (1), 11-27.

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pound-et-al-2024-how-do-women-feel-cold-water-swimming-affects-their-menstrual-and-perimenopausal-symptoms.pdf - Published Version
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Pound et al (2024) Cold water swimming menopause and menstrual symptoms.pdf - Published Version
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Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.


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DOI: 10.1177/205336912412271


Objective This study aimed to determine how women felt cold water swimming affected their menstrual and perimenopausal symptoms. Study design An online survey that asked women who regularly swim in cold water about their experiences. The survey was advertised for 2 months on social media. Questions related to cold water swimming habits and menstrual and perimenopausal symptoms were analysed. Main outcome measures Quantitative and qualitative data including; frequency of menstrual and menopause symptoms, the effect of cold water swimming on these symptoms. Results 1114 women completed the survey. Women reported that cold water swimming reduced their menstrual symptoms, notably psychological symptoms such as anxiety (46.7%), mood swings (37.7%) and irritability (37.6%). Perimenopausal women reported a significant improvement in anxiety (46.9%), mood swings (34.5%), low mood (31.1%) and hot flushes (30.3%). The majority of women with symptoms swam specifically to reduce these symptoms (56.4% for period and 63.3% for perimenopause symptoms). Women said they felt it was the physical and mental effects of the cold water that helped their symptoms. For the free text question, five themes were identified: the calming and mood-boosting effect of the water, companionship and community, period improvements, an improvement in hot flushes and an overall health improvement. Conclusion Women felt that cold water swimming had a positive overall effect on menstrual and perimenopause symptoms. Studies on other forms of exercise to relieve menstrual and perimenopause symptoms may show similar findings.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Menopause; Perimenopause; postmenopause; Menstrual; Cold water swimming
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:39458
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:02 Feb 2024 08:44
Last Modified:23 May 2024 13:18


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