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Explaining the practicum experiences of diagnostic radiography undergraduates in Australia and Ethiopia using the theory of human relatedness.

Coleman, P., Jimenez, Y., Kumsa, M. J., Punch, A., Jeyandrabalan, M. and Akudjedu, T. N., 2024. Explaining the practicum experiences of diagnostic radiography undergraduates in Australia and Ethiopia using the theory of human relatedness. Radiography, 30 (2), 517-523.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.radi.2024.01.007


Introduction: Practice learning is critical to the development of clinical skills; hence placements are a major component of all pre-registration radiography programmes. Nonetheless, dissatisfaction with practicum experiences is a common reason why students consider leaving such programmes. Providing effective placements which promote retention may not only require better appreciation of students’ clinical reflections, but also a more fundamental understanding of the implicit criteria they use to appraise a practicum. This study applied the theory of human relatedness (THR) to the placement experiences of radiography undergraduates to identify the evaluative mechanisms which may underpin these experiences. Methods: A critical realist investigative approach was employed to reanalyse data regarding the practicum experiences of stakeholders involved in undergraduate diagnostic radiography programmes at two universities in Australia and Ethiopia against the eight core THR concepts, namely connectedness, disconnectedness, parallelism, enmeshment, belonging, reciprocity, mutuality, and synchrony. Results: The findings identified all states of relatedness and processes/social competencies of the THR within the placement experiences of these stakeholders. The degree of positive relatedness a radiography student experiences within a practicum, irrespective of the setting, may affect their clinical performance. Conclusion: The findings support the argument that the THR may reflect an implicit set of criteria stakeholders use to evaluate clinical encounters. Additionally, these results are congruent with earlier investigations regarding the practicum reflections of other undergraduate healthcare students. Implications for practice: To enhance student placement experiences, it is necessary to recognise the effect a student's sense of relatedness may have on their self-efficacy and proficiency, modifying pre-practicum preparation and assessment arrangements to inhibit disconnectedness and enmeshment, avoid the need for parallelism, and better cultivate connectedness, belonging, reciprocity, mutuality, and synchrony.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Clinical placement; Practicum; Self-efficacy; Skills assessment; Student retention; Theory of human relatedness
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:39517
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:22 Feb 2024 09:52
Last Modified:22 Feb 2024 09:52


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