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Evaluation of the SCAT 5 tool in the assessment of concussion in Para athletes: A Delphi Study.

Dyer, B., Ahmed, O. H., Dahlen, S., Dalton, K., Derman, W., Donaldson, A., Fagher, K., Lexell, J., Pinheiro, L., Van de Vliet, P., Weiler, R. and Webborn, N., 2024. Evaluation of the SCAT 5 tool in the assessment of concussion in Para athletes: A Delphi Study. British Journal of Sports Medicine. (In Press)

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SCAT-5-Delphi-Study-Journal-Paper_2-4-24 FINAL [CLEAN COPY].pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.


Official URL:

DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2023-107426


Objectives To investigate if the sport concussion assessment tool version 5 (SCAT5) could be suitable for application to Para athletes with a visual impairment, a spinal cord injury, or a limb deficiency. Methods A 16-member expert panel performed a Delphi technique protocol. The first round encompassed an open-ended questionnaire, with round two onwards being comprised of a series of closed-ended statements requiring each expert’s opinion using a five-point Likert scale. A pre-determined threshold of 66% was used to decide whether agreement had been reached by the panel. Results The Delphi study resulted in a four round process. After round one, 92 initial statements were constructed with 91 statements obtaining the targeted level of agreement by round four. The expert panellist completion rate of the full four round process was 94%. In the case of athletes with a suspected concussion with either limb deficiencies or spinal cord injuries, the panel agreed that a baseline assessment would be needed on record is ideal before a modified SCAT5 assessment. With respect to visual impairments, it was conceded that some tests were either difficult, infeasible or should be omitted entirely depending on the type of visual impairment. Conclusion It is proposed that the SCAT5 could be conducted on athletes with limb deficiencies or spinal cord injuries with some minor modifications and by establishing a baseline assessment to form a comparison. However, it cannot be recommended for athletes with visual impairment in its current form. Further research is needed to determine how potential concussions could be more effectively evaluated in athletes with different impairments.

Item Type:Article
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:39714
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:22 Apr 2024 15:47
Last Modified:13 May 2024 07:41


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