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Gait analysis of a kinematic retaining implant for Total knee replacements during walking and running.

Harvey, A., Kohli, S., Al-Nasser, S. and Noroozi, S., 2024. Gait analysis of a kinematic retaining implant for Total knee replacements during walking and running. Journal of Orthopaedics, 56, 1-5.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.jor.2024.02.025


Background: The analysis of gait is an important tool for evaluating postoperative outcomes of a Total Knee Replacement (TKR). There are few studies which have evaluated the gait parameters of a Kinematic retaining (Kr) prosthesis. This study therefore aims to investigate the kinetic and kinematic differences of running and walking, in the ankle, knee and hip joints in patients who underwent a Kr TKR. Methods: This study assessed the gait of 12 patients with physica lima Kr TKRs at 1 year follow up and 8 healthy controls using 3D video analysis. Data was collected on the kinetics and kinematics of walking and running at the ankle, knee and hip. Comparison was made between the operated and non-operated limbs of the patients, and between the operated and control limbs. Results: Gait analysis showed no statistically significant difference in the hip, ankle and knee angles or moments between the non-operated and operated legs during walking and running. However, there was a statistically significant difference between the knee angles of initial contact, maximum flexion during stance and swing in the TKR knees vs controls in walking and running. Similarly, there was also a statistically significantly higher max knee flexion moment between operated knees and controls in both walking and running. Conclusion: This study has shown that a quadriceps avoidance gait persists in patients after TKR, and that there was symmetry and reciprocated gait parameters in non-operated limbs. These findings suggest that Kr TKRs could be capable of replicating normal knee kinematics when running and walking.

Item Type:Article
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:39852
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:16 May 2024 11:40
Last Modified:16 May 2024 11:40


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