Individuals with low back pain: how do they view physical activity?

Keen, S., Dowell, A. C., Hurst, K., Moffett, J. K., Tovey, P. and Williams, R., 1999. Individuals with low back pain: how do they view physical activity? Family Practice, 16 (1), pp. 39-45.

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Abstract

Background. Recent guidelines for those with acute low back pain have advocated early resumption of normal activity and increased physical activity. Little is known about the relationship between low back pain and physical activity, and on the impact of that relationship on the promotion of increased levels of physical activity within a general practice population. Objectives. We aimed to explore associations between factors that influence changes in physical activity and the way individuals perceive and behave with their low back pain, and the impact of those perceptions and behaviour on physical activity. Methods. Twenty-seven informants were chosen using a purposive sample from a larger group of individuals who, because of their low back trouble, had been referred by their GPs to a community-based, single-blind, randomized controlled trial (RCT) at the University of York, which is evaluating the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a progressive exercise programme. Fifty-four interviews were conducted with this subgroup of the RCT; four informants were interviewed once, 19 twice and four of them three times. Interviews were transcribed and analysed using manual and computer-aided approaches. Results. Physical activity was perceived as (i) activities of daily living, (ii) activities causing breathlessness that they went out of the way to do and (iii) more competitive-type activity. The avoidance of physical activity and fear of pain returning were the two main factors directly associated with informants' backs and changes in physical activity. These two factors hindered increases in physical activity, even though the majority of informants believed strongly that being physically active helped ease their low back pain. Conclusions. When advocating that individuals with acute low back pain return to or increase physical activity, it is important that clinicians identify avoidance of physical activity and/or fear of pain at the earliest stage in order to tailor advice and reassurance appropriately. If avoidance of activity and fear of pain is identified and clinicians want to encourage patients to take up and sustain increased physical activity, they should explore issues of fear of pain, and avoidance of and confidence to do physical activities, in addition to other factors influencing physical activity.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0263-2136
Uncontrolled Keywords:Acute low back pain, backache, interviews, physical exercise, psychosocial variables..
Subjects:Social Sciences > Social Work
Group:School of Health and Social Care > Centre for Social Work and Social Policy
ID Code:11242
Deposited By:Dr Steven Keen
Deposited On:10 Sep 2009 09:52
Last Modified:07 Mar 2013 15:13

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