Experimental Crop Growing in Jordan to Develop A Methodology for the Identification of Ancient Crop Irrigation.

Mithen, S.J., Jenkins, E. L., Jamjoum, K., Nuimat, S. and Finlayson, B., 2008. Experimental Crop Growing in Jordan to Develop A Methodology for the Identification of Ancient Crop Irrigation. World Archaeology, 40 (1), pp. 7-25.

Full text available as:

[img]
Preview
PDF
864kB

DOI: 10.1080/00438240701843561

Abstract

Crop irrigation has long been recognised as having been important for the evolution of social complexity in several parts of the world. Structural evidence for water management, such as wells, ditches and dams are often difficult to interpret and may be a poor indicator of past irrigation that may have had no need for such constructions. It would be of considerable value, therefore, to be able to infer past irrigation directly from archaeo-botanical remains, and especially the type of archaeo-botanical remains that are relatively abundant in the archaeological record, such as phytoliths. Building on the pioneering work of Rosen & Wiener (1994), this paper describes a crop growing experiment designed to explore the impact of irrigation on the formation of phytoliths within cereals. If it can be shown that a systemic and consistent relationship exists between phytolith size, structure and the intensity of irrigation, and if various taphonomic and palaeoenvironmental processes can be controlled for, then the presence of past irrigation can feasibly be inferred from the phytoliths recovered from the archaeological record.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0043-8243
Uncontrolled Keywords:Ancient irrigation; crop-growing experiments; phytoliths; Jordan
Subjects:History > Archaeology
Group:School of Applied Sciences
ID Code:16335
Deposited By:Dr Emma L. Jenkins
Deposited On:04 Oct 2010 13:52
Last Modified:07 Mar 2013 15:37

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...
Repository Staff Only -
BU Staff Only -
Help Guide - Editing Your Items in BURO